Neurological Terms beginning with B

Glossary of neurological terms
Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
beta-amyloid plaques search for term

are considered one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease. The plaques are hard, insoluble aggregations of various peptides and proteins, chiefly and most important amyloid-beta peptides. Recent research suggests plaques attach primarily to blood vessels, damaging them.

beta-secretase search for term

one of three forms of secretase, it and gamma-secretase are implicated in the formation of plaques.

brain-derived neurotrophic factor search for term

a neuropeptide important for neuronal growth, survival, differentiation, connectivity and synaptic plasticity. The gene controlling BDNF expression comes in two variants, one of which is linked to poorer memory.