- temporal lobe
one of the lobes of the cerebrum, situated below the frontal and parietal lobes, and above the hindbrain. The temporal lobe is primarily concerned with sensory experience - specifically, with hearing, and with the integration of information from multiple senses. Part of the temporal lobe also plays a role in memory processing. Patients with damaged temporal lobes appear to have impaired lexical retrieval of names of living things.
- temporal pole
is at the anterior tip of the temporal lobe. It is part of the paralimbic zone and is involved in the retrieval of episodic and semantic memory, and the processing of familiar and emotional stimuli such as faces.
- temporoammonic (TA) projection
a circuit in the brain directly linking the CA1 region of the hippocampus and the neocortex. Apparently crucial in converting short-term memories into long-term memories.
means "inner chamber", and accordingly is located deep within the cerebrum. It is an egg-shaped structure lying at the very top of the brain stem, above the hypothalamus. The thalamus relays all information received from the senses (except smell) to the various processing centers in the cerebral cortex. Recent research also suggests that the thalamus regulates the electrical rhythms that parts of the brain use to communicate with each other. It has been speculated that tips of the tongue experiences (when only part of a memory is recalled) may occur when the rhythms don't synchronize with the regions properly - which would put these memory failures at the door of the thalamus. The thalamus also seems to be involved in memory consolidation processes that occur during sleep.
Glossary of brain regions
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