the brain develops, in utero, in three separate portions, reflecting evolutionary history: the hindbrain, the midbrain, and the forebrain. The forebrain develops into the cerebral cortex, the basal ganglia, the limbic system, the thalamus and hypothalamus.
a bundle of axons that projects from the hippocampus and loops around the thalamus.
- frontal lobe
the frontal lobes (left and right) are situated at the "front" of the cortex, i.e. behind the forehead. They are the largest of the lobes in the cerebrum, and may be thought of as the "highest" part of our brain. The frontal lobes are critical for those faculties that humans regard as special to our species - reasoning, planning, attention, some aspects of language. Women have up to 15% more brain cell density in the frontal lobe, but with age, appear to shed cells more rapidly from this area than men. By old age, the density is similar for both sexes. The effect of this on performance is unknown.
- fronto-occipital fasciculus
a bundle of axons that have grown together, running alongside the caudate nucleus and connecting the frontal and occipital lobes (merging there into the corona radiate); sometimes referred to as the superior fronto-occipital fasciculus
- fronto-polar region
is a substructure of the frontal lobes consisting of several gyri of similar morphology.
- fusiform gyrus
a gyrus in the temporal lobe. Part of a network of brain regions with the amygdala as well as the medial prefrontal cortex, the occipitofrontal cortex, and the superior temporal sulcus, which are involved in the processing of socially salient stimuli (important for social behavior). The fusiform gyrus is particularly implicated in face recognition. The right fusiform gyrus has been implicated in the processing of positive emotional contexts.
Glossary of brain regions
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